USS New Mexico (BB-1917)

 

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The New Mexico class brought two major upgrades to the previous Pennsylvania class. One, the introduction of the 14"/50cal gun in place of the 45cal. Two, the clipper bow to replace the recurved bow of previous classes. The US Navy was getting worried about the size of an enemy that could contain one or more fleets if war was waged against them. This class was to be a class of four and with the second Hawaii class were all ordered in the same fiscal year, approved by Congress. A much expanded fleet would be required, especially when the enemies could divide the fleet to fight a two ocean war.


As completed. The lower deck casemates have already been removed, but not yet plated over.



The US 14" Super-Dreadnoughts were powerful ships. Easily a match for the equivalent ships in other navies. The siting of the 5" casemate guns, one deck higher than in most other Dreadnoughts, was a much better layout, receiving less spray interference, allowing the guns to be worked in almost all weathers.


1927 and the aircraft handling facilities have changed from the flying off platform on 'B' turret to a catapult and crane aft.



Jump to the New Mexico type up to their 1936 refit schedule, and the modern capital ship can be seen to be emerging. AA directors are mounted forward and aft for the 5"/25cal AA guns. The cage masts are gone, and the bridge superstructure is much enlarged, much like the Royal Navy was doing with its refurbished capital ships. Bulges had been added for anti-torpedo protection.


With the completion of the Panama Canal, the US Navy had its easy transfer of ships between the Pacific and Atlantic Fleets. No more "Round the Horn" trips.



1941 view, as the ships were at the time of Pearl Harbour. All four ships of the class were in the Atlantic, reinforcing the Neutrality patrols. The ships were transferred to the Pacific Fleet and arrived there in early 1942, replacing the sunk and badly damaged battleships from the Pearl Harbour attack. During much of 1942 the ships patrolled and undertook convoy escort duties along the Pacific coast. The first time the ships got to fire their guns in anger at the Japanese was in early 1943 when the ships were the fire support group for the retaking of the Aleutian Islands. From then on the ships were part of the bombardment fleet that supported the US landings on islands throughout the Pacific.


USS Idaho in the Atlantic Fleet 1941 on neutrality patrols.



The 1944 drawing above, shows the additions of Radar and multiple smaller AA weaponry. But, unlike some of the other classes, these ships were not heavily modified with twin 5"/38cal guns and associated directors.

 

Displacement
  • 32,000 tons normal,  34,000 tons Full load:
Length 624 ft (190 m)
Beam 97 ft 5 in (29.7 m)
Draft 30 ft (9.1 m)
Installed power
  • 9  Babcock & Wilcox boilers
  • 32,000 shp (24,000 kW)
Propulsion
  • 4  steam turbines
  • 4  screw propellers
Speed 21 kn (24 mph; 39 km/h)
Complement 1,081 officers and men
Armament
  • 12  14 in (356 mm)/50 cal guns
  • 14  5 in (127 mm)/51 cal guns
  • 8  3 in (76 mm)/50 cal guns
Armor
  • Belt: 813.5 in (203343 mm)
  • Turret face: 18 in (457 mm)
  • Conning tower: 11.5 in (292 mm)
  • Decks: 3.5 in (89 mm)
Notes
  • USS New Mexico
  • USS Idaho
  • USS Nevada
  • USS Mississippi


The New Mexico class were very similar in the superstructure to the previous Pennsylvania class ships.



1943 and the New Mexico class were a part of the bombardment fleet, their highlight of the war being involved in the last battleship action at the Battle of the Surigao Strait where the rebuilt US battleships from Pearl Harbour blow away the Japanese Southern Fleet with overwhelming firepower. The Mississippi had little part in the action as it still had older Radar aboard and could not 'see' the Japanese ships to fire at. This was a night action.


 

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