Early Sea Jets 1938-44

 

Return to Whittles World

 

Please note that these drawings are hackjobs of jpeg drawings sourced from the internet. Being mostly jpegs they all have grey shadows around the outlines. While I have cleaned up the easy bits I have not cleaned up everything. These are mainly to give some indication of what late 1930's jets may have looked like for use on aircraft carriers. The later jets (that were jets) are as they should be.

 

Fairey Sea Battlejet

Mk1 (1939). Torpedo Bomber with internal bomb bay for 18" torpedo or 1,000 lbs bombs internally, 500lb external or, extra fuel tanks under the wings. 2 forward firing .303 machine guns in the nose with one Vickers K gun in rear cockpit mount. 345 mph.

 

Mk2 (1941) - Increased powerplant (better power, fuel economy and range),  same layout and armament. 380 mph

 

18 inch Mark XII - Air Launched
Type Torpedo
Place of origin United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1937-1945
Production history
Designed 1935
Specifications
Weight 1,548 lb (702 kg)
Length 16 ft 3 in (4.95 m)
Diameter 17.72 in (450 mm)

Warhead TNT
Warhead weight 388 lb (176 kg)

Engine Burner cycle
140 hp (at 40 knots)
Speed 40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph) for 1,500 yd (1.4 km ) or
37 knots (69 km/h; 43 mph) for 3,500 yd (3,200 m)


 

 

 

Supermarine Seafirejet

Mk1. (1938) Single engine fighter, 6 x .303 mg in the wings, 1 x 250lb bomb on centerline mount or extra fuel tank on same mounting. 405 mph.

 

Mk2. (1940) More powerful engine (speed, range, ceiling, all increased), armament guns increased to 4x20mm cannons. 460 mph.

 

 

Westland Whirlijet

Twin engine fighter, 4 x 20mm cannon in the nose, 2 x 250lb bombs in nacel between engine and fuselage or extra fuel tanks using same mounts, 415 mph. (upgraded powerplant) 470 mph.

 

Fairey Gannet Mk1

 

Large Torpedo Bomber that entered service late in 1943. Fairey provided the same engine layout as they had used on the Battle but with 5 years of improvements increasing range and speed. Armament was increased to 2x20mm cannons in the nose while the rear machine gun was removed. The internal bomb bay was larger and could hold a 21" torpedo or 4x500lb bombs. 410 mph.

21 inch Mark XI - Air Launched
Type Torpedo
Place of origin United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1941-1949
Production history
Designed 1939
Specifications
Weight 1,848 lb
Length 17 ft 3 in
Diameter 21.5 in

Warhead TNT
Warhead weight 465 lb

Speed 45 knots for 1,500 yd  or
40 knots for 3,500 yd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

De Havilland Vampire Mk1.

 

Introduced late 1943. Single seat, single engine fighter with a twin boom configuration. This small, lightweight fighter was perfect for the navy. With wings folded the Vampire took up little space. 4x20mm cannons in the nose gave a good forward firing armament. Bombs, rockets and or external fuel tanks could be carried on the wings. It was the Vampires manouverability that really gave the Vampire the edge. The new Goblin engine proved a winner providing a power range far better than its predecessors. First Royal Navy fighter through the 500mph barrier.

General characteristics
  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 30 ft 9 in (9.37 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft (11.58 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 10 in (2.69 m)
  • Wing area: 262 ft (24.34 m)
  • Empty weight: 7,283 lb (3,304 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 12,390 lb (5,620 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 de Havilland Goblin 3 centrifugal turbojet, 3,350 lbf (14.90 kN)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 548 mph (882 km/h)
  • Range: 1,220 mi (1,960 km)
  • Service ceiling: 42,800 ft (13,045 m)
  • Rate of climb: 4,800 ft/min (24.4 m/s)

Armament
 

  • Guns: 4 20 mm (0.79 in) Hispano Mk.V cannon
  • Rockets: 8 3-inch "60 lb" rockets
  • Bombs: or 2 500 lb (225 kg) bombs or two drop-tanks

 

 

Gloster Meteor (1944)

With increased and better propulsion units, the Meteors were the first fighters to go through the 600 mph barrier. They were not as nimble as the Vampire but were more fighter-bombers. Rockets on the outer wings, bombs or external drop tanks could be carried in the area between the engines and fuselage.

 

General characteristics
  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 44 ft 7 in (13.59 m)
  • Wingspan: 37 ft 2 in (11.32 m)
  • Height: 13 ft 0 in (3.96 m)
  • Wing area: 350 ft (32.52 m)
  • Empty weight: 10,684 lb (4,846 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 15,700 lb (7,121 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 Rolls-Royce Derwent 8 turbojets, 3,500 lbf (15.6 kN) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 600 mph (522 knots, 965 km/h, Mach 0.82) at 10,000 ft (3,050 m)
  • Range: 1,220 mi (1,960 km)
  • Service ceiling: 43,000 ft (13,100 m)
  • Rate of climb: 7,000 ft/min (35.6 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 44.9 lb/ft (149 kg/m)
  • Thrust/weight: 0.45
     
  • Time to altitude: 5.0 min to 30,000 ft (9,145 m)

Armament
 

  • Guns: 4 20 mm British Hispano cannons
  • Rockets: Provision for up to sixteen "60lb" 3 in rockets or eight 5 in HVAR rockets. under outer wings
  • Bombs: two 1.000 lb (454 kg)

 

 

Return to Whittles World